If you encounter someone who is injured, apply the emergency action
steps: Check-Call-Care. Check the scene to make sure it is safe
for you to approach. Then check the victim for unconsciousness and
life-threatening conditions. Someone who has a life-threatening
condition, such as not breathing or severe bleeding, requires
immediate care by trained responders and may require treatment by
medical professionals. Call out for help. There are some steps
that you can take, however, to care for someone who is hurt,
but whose injuries are not life threatening.
Cover the wound with a dressing, and press firmly
against the wound (direct pressure).
Elevate the injured area above the level of the heart
if you do not suspect that the victim has a broken bone.
Cover the dressing with a roller bandage.
If the bleeding does not stop:
Provide care for shock.
Care for Shock
Keep the victim from getting chilled or overheated.
Elevate the legs about 12 inches (if broken bones are
Do not give food or drink to the victim.
Stop the burning by cooling the burn with large
amounts of water.
Cover the burn with dry, clean dressings or cloth.
Care for Injuries
to Muscles, Bones and Joints
Rest the injured part.
Apply ice or a cold pack to control swelling and
Avoid any movement or activity that causes pain.
If you must move the victim because the scene is
becoming unsafe, try to immobilize the injured part to keep it from
The risk of getting a disease while giving first aid is extremely
rare. However, to reduce the risk even further:
Avoid direct contact with blood and other body
Use protective equipment, such as disposable gloves
and breathing barriers.
Thoroughly wash your hands with soap and water
immediately after giving care.
It is important to be prepared for an
emergency and to know how to give emergency care.